Dating Nineteenth Century Photographs Dating Nineteenth Century Photographs

Dating nineteenth century photographs of people, photographers & photography studios

Encyclopedia of Nineteenth-Century Photography

The London Stereoscopic and Photographic Company One of the largest known photographic companies with studios in London, the company issued throughout the last decades of the nineteenth century thousands of carte-de-visite, cabinet and stereoscopic photographs.

He was the managing director of Kodak Ltd. James Anderson Isaac Atkinson James Anderson was born in Cumberland and spent most of his working life in Italy, first as a sculptor but by as a professional photographer.

Mayer, was likely the first woman to practice photography professionally in India. Francis Bedford A comment flirter avec une fille de 13 ans topographical photographer, Bedford produced consistently good photographs of English cathedrals, castles, monuments, and landscape scenes, often as cartes-de-visite or stereoscopic prints.

Nineteenth-Century Photography

People of the Eighteenth-Century Famous leaders, statesmen, scientists, philosophers and authors. Southworth and Hawes were among the first American photographers to show scenes of real life in Boston. Emily Dickinson — Bourne later opened photographic studios in Bombay, Calcutta, and Simla.

We see a number of the potential uses of photography on display: In he covered the campaign in the Sudan, which led to the unsuccessful attempt to relieve General Gordon at Khartoum. He was appointed photographer to Queen Victoria in Merging these two initiatives, Boyle and Smith conceived of the design of what they termed "Charge 'Bubble' Devices".

John Jabez Edwin Mayall An American daguerreotype portrait photographer who is thought to have been born in Birmingham, Mayall lived in America for some time and returned to England in The earliest known written record of the camera obscura is to be found in Chinese writings called Mozidated to the 4th century BCE.

Six thousand of his team's negatives were purchased by the War Department inand they form a comprehensive record of the America of those years. It satirizes studio equipment and procedures that were nearly obsolete by then.

Encyclopedia of Nineteenth-Century Photography

It was invented in by Willard Boyle and George E. Byexposure times were around 30 seconds to a minute depending on the light, making it much easier to produce images on a commercial scale—though portrait studios still used devices to hold sitters heads still. Includes the great industrialists, such as J.

The family firm survived until the s. An acclaimed pioneer of graphic artTalbot died at Lacock Abbey inhaving lived to see the introduction of the dry plate process and thus the beginnings of photography as it is practised today.

Ultimately, the photographic process came about from a series of refinements and improvements in the first 20 years. Commercial daguerreotype studios proliferated in cities all over Europe, the United States, and eventually across the world.

Famous people of the Nineteenth Century | Biography Online

As with the bitumen process, the result appeared as a positive when it was suitably lit and viewed. Alinari made many thousands of large 12x16" albumen prints of European churches, historic buildings, and art treasures.

He was a founder member of the Societe Francaise de Photographie. He also produced a large number of calotypes. Oscar Wilde dazzled theatre goes with his innovative and witty plays. Gardner left Brady's studio in and set up on his own.

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He is credited with taking the world's first press photographs: Because of their large format and clarity, their photographs are of great value to military historians.

It was superseded by the collodion process. Why was the view from a window such a popular subject of early photographs? Sizes are in inches. Ralph Waldo Emerson — Emerson was a leading poet, Transcendentalist and influential philosopher.

David Octavius Hill In partnership with Adamson Hill, who was a mediocre painter, produced in the mids over fifteen hundred calotypes of notables, genre scenes and the ordinary people of Scotland. James Mudd Once a textile designer, Mudd became a professional photographer specializing in portraits.

He took photographs of the building of the Union Pacific railway line and in the s produced over two thousand photographs of the American West.

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The most elemental of photographic techniques, the photogram is made without the aid of camera or lens. Harriet Beecher Stowe — — Stowe was a writer who helped popularise the anti-slavery movement. Color photography The first durable color photograph, taken by Thomas Sutton in A practical means of color photography was sought from the very beginning.

General view of The Crystal Palace at Sydenham by Philip Henry DelamotteA midth century "Brady stand" armrest table, used to help subjects keep still during long exposures.

In partnership with Montecchi and later with Blandford, Caldesi produced many early photographs of art treasures in English collections; among his best known are the Photographs of the Gems of the Art Treasures Exhibition, held in Manchester inand his Photographic Historical Portrait Gallery, published by Colnaghi in He gave the bulk of his personal collection of photographs to the Birmingham Reference Library.

If the individual filter elements were small enough, the three primary colors of red, blue, and green would blend together in the eye and produce the same additive color synthesis as the filtered projection of three separate photographs. As early as the ninth century it was observed that, when light rays reflected from a bright object enter a small hole in a darkened room, they produce an inverted image of that object on the opposite wall.

As well as daguerreotype portraits, Claudet produced many stereoscopic photographs. He died aged 34 in It was made practical by Hermann Wilhelm Vogel 's discovery of a way to make emulsions sensitive to the rest of the spectrum, gradually introduced into commercial use beginning in the mids.

Here, the lamp symbolizes the camera obscura and the broom represents enlightenment. During the s and s, Disderi, who had studios in Paris, London and Madrid, took carte-de-visite portraits of many members of the royal families and high society of Europe.

Dating and Identifying Old Photos

MacPherson is also known for his Guide Book to the Sculpture in the Vatican published in and as an inventor of photographic lithography. However, in he toured the Middle East with Gustave Flaubert the novelist and on his return published a book containing a hundred and twenty-five of his photographs, Egypte, Nubie, Palestine et Syrie, which was published in Paris in Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre Daguerre, who gave his name to the daguerreotype, is without doubt the best known of the photographic inventors.

Campaigned for a United Republic of Italy.

Fenton soon won international acclaim with his landscapes and views of English cathedrals, still life and intimate studies of the Royal Family. Muybridge traveled around the U.

Karl Marx — — German philosopher, founder of Marxism. He espoused no fixed doctrine but expanded on ideas of freedom, nature and the possibilities of man. A Comprehensive Guide to the Giants of Literature at Amazon Related Eras Victorian age to The principal figures of the Victorian age and the second half of the industrial revolution.

The European view of Egypt and the East was that it was exotic and uncivilized.

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Joseph Nicephore Niepce Niepce was the inventor of the 'fixed image' and inafter an exposure time of over eight hours, took the earliest known photograph from nature, a view from the upstairs window of his home near Gras in France.

These mobile phone cameras are used by billions of people worldwide, dramatically increasing photographic activity and material and also fueling citizen journalism.

Found Photos & Family Memorabilia

The first effect of this cloth is similar to that of a mirror, but by means of its viscous nature the prepared canvas, as is not the case with the mirror, retains a facsimile of the image. He is noted not only for his calotype portraits and genre scenes, but also for his architectural photographs.

Paper with a coating of silver iodide was exposed in the camera and developed into a translucent negative image.